عنوان مقاله [English]
Safflower is one of the oldest cultivated plants and oilseed as a native Iran could have in the development of oilseeds cultivation. To evaluate the morphological characteristics of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L) an experiment was conducted as a completely randomized design. The figures include 1- PI 23755 2-PI 239041 3- PI 250202 4- PI 250532 5- PI 25268 6- PI 253515 7- PI 253541 8- PI 253559 9- PI 253895 10- PI 235658 11- PI 262447 12- PI 306599 13- PI 306174 14- PI 3146650 15- PI 401479 16- PI 544025 17- PI 613514 18- zarphan279 19- sina is. The results showed that safflower seeds have a significant effect on seed vigor. The highest seed vigor in the PI 23755 to an amount equal to 10/5, respectively, compared with the sina (control) had the lowest seed vigor, increased 50%. The results showed that safflower seeds have a significant effect on germination rate. PI 23755 germination quickly to an amount equal to 10/3 seed per day as compared to the sina (control) had the lowest germination rates, increased 46%. The results of this study showed that among the varieties than other cultivars PI 23755 In terms of germination potential treatments better than other varieties and the varieties can be planted in the region.